Unmanned systems will help the farmers to automate all the agricultural processes thereby increasing the yield and reducing the inputs. Traditionally agriculture is practiced by performing a particular task, such as planting or harvesting, against a predetermined schedule. But by collecting real-time data on weather, soil and air quality, crop maturity and even equipment and labor costs and availability, predictive analytics can be used to make smarter decisions. This is known as precision agriculture. With precision agriculture, control centers collect and process data in real time to help farmers make the best decisions with regard to planting, fertilizing and harvesting crops. Sensors placed throughout the fields are used to measure temperature and humidity of the soil and surrounding air. In addition, pictures of fields are taken using satellite imagery and robotic drones. The images over time show crop maturity and when coupled with predictive weather modeling showing pin point conditions 48 hours in advance.
The Benefits of Unmanned system in Agriculture includes Increase Yields, Save Time, Return on Investment, Ease of use, Integrated GIS mapping, Crop Health Imaging, etc. Similarly, Unmanned ground vehicles can be used for sowing, harvesting, bird/ pest hazing, soil and health monitoring, etc.
Unmanned surface boats, surface buoys, aqua copter, ROV with manipulators also help in monitoring water quality and aquaculture thereby increase the yield.